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'''John Griffith''' "'''Jack'''" '''London''' (born '''John Griffith Chaney''', January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916)"[ London, Jack]". ''Encyclopædia Britannica Online'' Library Edition. Retrieved 2011-10-05.''[ Dictionary of American Biography Base Set]''. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928–1936. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2006. was an American author, journalist, and social activist. A pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction, he was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone.(1910) "Specialty of Short-story Writing," The Writer, XXII, January–December 1910, p. 9: "There are eight American writers who can get $1000 for a short story—Robert W. Chambers, Richard Harding Davis, Jack London, O....
Birth nameJohn Griffith Chaney
Birth date{{Birth date|mf=yes|1876|1|12}}
Birth placeSan Francisco, California, US
Death date{{Death date and age|mf=yes|1916|11|22|1876|1|12}}
Death placeGlen Ellen, California|Glen Ellen, California, US
OccupationNovelist, journalist, short story writer and essayist
Movementrealism (arts)|Realism and Naturalism (literature)|Naturalism
SignatureJack London Signature.svg
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